Women’s Rights: Have They Advanced?

A century ago in Copenhagen, women from seventeen countries gathered together and launched an idea that a day must be allocated to champion women’s rights. After 100 years, the women are marching and celebrating at the same time protesting at the Trafalgar Square in celebration of International Women’s Day.

Women’s Rights: Have They Advanced?

This year, the theme was: “The progress women have made in the past century and the long journey that many have ahead of them.” The latest statistics show that women in the UK and all over the world had several undoubted gains in the past century, the rights in favor for women were now installed or those that need to be reviewed were reversed.

Of the total MPs in Britain, women accounts for 19.5% only, a poor record that puts the UK in the 69th place in the world ranking in terms of the women’s number in the parliament. UK’s standing is behind Pakistan, United Arab Emirates and Afghanistan. Well, a century ago, women do not have the right to vote and now they can. According to a report, it will take about 200 years to have an equal number of women and men in the Parliament.

In terms of the implementation of the laws, women have less say compared in Westminster. In 2008-2009, women who are applying for the counsel of the Queen were the lowest in a decade. In fact, in the UK Supreme Court, there is only one woman judge and constitutes only 15 female judges out of the 109 judges in the High Court.

With the information, the picture has not gotten better especially for those on the other side of the legal system. About two-thirds of prisoned women are put behind bars because of non-violent crimes while only 45% for men. Since 1997, the population of prisoned women soared high, it has increased by 60% compared to the 28% for men.

However, the freedom attained by women in the UK clearly manifests that it must be celebrated and some women will soon benefit from it. The lot of women over a century has changed dramatically but there are still pressing issues like forced marriages, equality of ambition and education and many more.

Along with the problems about women’s rights, there is an increasing number of violence in women. About three million women are raped, experienced domestic violence, trafficking and other types of violence each year. Also, 20% of the entire population in the UK believed that it is acceptable for a man to slap or hit a woman if she wears revealing clothes publicly.

Women’s Rights: Have They Advanced?

Finally, women’s rights in the UK have improved because systematically, almost everything is improving for the well-being of women.

What is Religious Humanism?

Religious humanism is an incorporation of humanist ethical philosophy together with various religious rituals and beliefs that focus on the needs, interests, and abilities of the humans. It is primarily based from the ethical culture, Unitarianism, as well as universalism.

What is Religious Humanism?

History of Religious Humanism

Humanism, itself, emerged during the early 20th century. It basically rejected revealed knowledge, morality that is based from theism, as well as the supernatural. During the late 20th century, the humanistic movement in the US affirmed the worth of those individuals who came into conflict with the more conservative Christian society. With that, “Secular Humanism” became one of the popular components of organized humanism. It was not until the late 19th and early 20th century that religious humanism practitioners were known under the name of “humanism”. Prior to that, they were paired with non-theistic religions.

What is Religious Humanism?

Similar Traditions

There are some people who separate religious humanism from that of the Jewish humanism, Christian humanism, and Secular humanism. Several decades ago, there was a rise in humanistic versions of some of the major religions, such as Christian humanism. Aside from that, some belief systems of other religions, like Hinduism and Taoism, are primarily humanistic in some sort of way. However, today, humanism is purely dominated by secular humanism which gave rise to new versions of humanist religions. In addition, there are a lot of religious humanists that mainly differ on their religious description and their stand on the belief in the supernatural.

Buddhist’s Humanistic Approach

The primary goal of Humanistic Buddhism is based on the bodhisattva way. This basically means that the person should be energetic, enlightened, and endearing and tries to help sentient beings to liberate themselves. Their primary focus is that of the issues that the world is facing, rather than teaching you how to leave the world behind. Aside from that, they also teach their followers on how to care for the living than the dead, how to benefit others than benefit the self, and teach them on universal salvation than self-salvation.

UK’s Reproductive Freedom

Reproductive freedom is one of the most fundamental issues faced by feminists. One of the central ideas about this kind of freedom is women’s access to abortion. Until this very moment, countries like the US are taking the abortion topic as a warzone between the anti-choicers and pro-choicers, the sad thing is that this is a literal battle among these people. James Kopp, a fundamentalist Christian and anti-abortion activist was sentenced to live behind bars for 25 years for causing the death of Dr Barnett Slepian, an abortion provider.

UK’s Reproductive Freedom

In the UK, crimes caused by abortion are unthinkable but abortion has been legalized as an overwhelming majority of people support the move. Most of the people in the UK are oblivious about abortion until they will choose this option and people do not talk about this matter.

Even with the legality of abortion in the UK, it is still very surprising that a large number of people still do not know that women who want an abortion must first get the approval of two doctors. With this, abortion is not just an easy option for everyone but it entails a long process. It is based on the decision of the doctors and not based on the woman’s, the decision relies after the evaluation of the mental health of the woman. To get the approval, the woman must express that she is not mentally capable to continue the pregnancy. Abortion in the UK is not plain and simple, the woman cannot just decide to get an abortion.

UK’s Reproductive Freedom

The main problem with abortion is that in many places around the UK, it is very hard to secure an NHS abortion. It can be said that the provision is unequal in various areas and abortion cost is expensive too, it is Ј400 and up.

With issues about reproductive freedom in the UK like abortion, anti-choice groups are constantly battling to raise parliamentary and legal threats to stop the legality of abortion. They are sending speakers in schools, giving leaflets and other campaigns.

Social Issues in UK

The learned behaviors of each individual can actually greatly impact the society; these impacts can be beneficial, detrimental, or both. Social phenomena which includes he behavior of the influencer and the influenced in a society of respondents give rise to a certain new phenomena which is primarily based on the state of humanity. Today, the world is currently facing a lot of social issue that can hinder their development which may result to consequential implications.

Examples of Social Issues of Today

  • Divorce
Social Issues in UK

In the UK today, marriage is not what once was. The society nowadays doesn’t seem to have the family values of our ancestors. Compared to the system before, it is now easier for us to file divorce when marital problems arise. Some of the reasons for divorce include financial difficulties, mid-life crisis, sexual problems, communication problems, as well as cultural differences.

  • School Violence
Social Issues in UK

School violence are prevalent in the society today; some of it known by the parents or the authorities, most of them not. More often than not, we blame these actions to the media, drugs, and bad parenting. The increasing incidence in school violence resulted to the increased anxiety among parents and the children themselves in going to school.

Social Issues in UK
  • Substance Abuse

It is not a secret that a lot of people in the society today , regardless of how much they earn, suffer from substance abuse; may it be from drugs, alcohol, or even both. More often than not, the reason for such abuse may be attributed to medicinal or recreational purposes. Medicinal in the sense that one has to take drugs that have addictive properties to cure their illnesses; in this case, the benefit outweighs the risk. This can be very dangerous when it is not tapered off in the event that the drug has to be stopped as it can cause severe addiction. Substance abuse may lead to violence of any form, as well as loss of job. It also has effects in one’s health; thus, the prevalence of lifestyle-linked diseases.

Peace Promotion In The UK

Around the world, many people are denied with human rights each day. With this, the government of the UK supports democracy, human rights and good governance all throughout the world so that Britain’s security will be increased. As a result of their peace promotion, it will protect their citizens overseas at the same time secure their political freedom globally.

Peace Promotion In The UK

The UK’s peace promotion program supports different projects that aimed at preventing torture, increasing freedom of expression, abolishing death penalty, freedom of people to choose a religious belief, achieving equality for men and women and enable them to participate in free elections. In their 2012 Commonwealth and Foreign Office Report, they explained that the government has worked to promote human rights and democratic societies.

Also, the government continually supports democracy in various ways like providing funds to non-government organizations so that citizen participation in the different political debate will increase, reforming the Human Rights Court and working with both the international and regional government organizations through the Foundation for Democracy.

Peace Promotion In The UK

The UK is working with various organizations and countries for the prevention of torture through funding projects so that the system of criminal justice will become fairer. Also, the purpose of funding projects is to develop national organizations to effectively monitor areas of detention.

The UK government wants to abolish death penalty, with this, they work together with the UN and EU in persuading countries to abolish death penalty. In fact, they developed a strategy for the abolition, it explains the ways on how to persuade concerned countries as well as they fund projects so that death penalty will be restricted and raise cases of British national who are sentenced to death in other countries.

Peace Promotion In The UK

Finally, with various programs developed by the UK government for peace promotion, it showed that their efforts to promote peace is not only confined within their jurisdiction but includes other countries too that needs their help and intervention.

Overview of Biomedical Issues

The development of new technologies in the biomedical sector joint with the result of human genome projects lead to an intense increase in human tissue demand in biotechnology research and drug discovery. The experiment is to run into the demand, in a way, that is ethical, legal and safe.

Human material should not be sold or bought and the Human Organ Transplant Act (1990) in the UK makes commercial dealings in organ as illegal and it is generally accepted worldwide that this act should not be done. Reported concerning to pediatric post mortem organ retention at England’s two hospitals such as Redfern and Keneddy in 2001 drawn public attention globally wherein they use human tissue and organ for technical reasons to aid cardiac arrest operation and had been traded to French pharmaceutical company.

Overview of Biomedical Issues

The provisional guideline generated by the Royal College of Pathologists deals with the matters concerning the use of organs and tissues in teaching, quality control and research that excludes the uses of surgical tissues commercially and other controversial uses that are additional to diagnostic purpose. There have been suggestions to new legislation concerning the issue of the use of post-mortem tissue, but this will certainly cover family and patient approval and remains to be perceived how detailed and extensive and what fines will be in the occurrence of a breach of the law.

Overview of Biomedical Issues

An attempt by a joint Royal College working party trying to address problems in pediatric pathology in UK but the inquiries have a negative effect in histopathology in general and they receive very low respond on families and relatives consent concerning autopsies. Despite the problems encountered, there are remarkable increase in the number of individuals carrying organ donor cards and the donor register at Peterborough.

Overview of Biomedical Issues

In the field of biomedical, there are four principles should be address:

  • Respect for autonomy
  • Non-maleficence
  • Beneficence
  • Justice

Multicultural Issues Backlash Effect

Almost all nations have been influenced by different cultures and some of these cultures made impact to the society and socio-economic relations. This diversity of cultures of the society should be treated with equal respect and these diversities of groups should be addressed by the government as to what group they belong. There has been the practice of this multiculturalism which help develop certain community through the use of interculturalism and cultural isolation. Interculturalism provides opportunities of different cultures to interact and communicate freely with the purpose of developing the relationship of different cultures. In addition, isolation of cultures protects the uniqueness of certain local beliefs and help contribute the development of the cultural diversity worldwide.

Even without its ethnic minorities, Britain is considered to be a multi-cultural state. Britain’s multi-cultural is irreversibly tied to migration and more so to post-war immigration from former British Empire. However, during the 21st century, debate of multiculturalism took place from religion to race relations and this correlation was further seen during the bombing of London 2005 (7/7) and America 2001 (9/11). These bombings change Briton’s perceptions of minorities and shaped the feelings of racial intolerance. The gap has caused fear and segregation in many communities and had led to various radical organizations on both sides. The visible organizations to be seen were the British National Party and English Defense League. The BNP is a political party that controls and contains its participation to what they call indigenous Brits and been successful in some areas with high density of ethnic groups, while the EDL recruits members in a similar area and they are famous for its demonstrations and rallies on the street. There have been clashes between these two organizations when gatherings were being held and some are representing Muslim communities.

The largest group of minorities living in UK are Pakistanis and Indians for they were used to having its place to the British Empire, and these immigrants settled in cities like London, Manchester, Oldham, Birmingham, Luton and Bradford where they find manual work. Migrants, 2nd and 3rd peers of the first comers, assert their rights to be British, but they have been struggling especially the black Briton and found themselves in-between and many feel hard-pressed to the margin of culture especially after 9/11 and 7/7 incidents.

Multicultural Issues Backlash Effect

Many politicians find it hard to deal with the intricate issue of multiculturalism and in a speech of Prime Minister David Cameron in Munich last 2011, he claimed that the British state failed in handling multiculturalism and the administrative initiatives boosts segregation instead of integration. Many praised the courage of his brave speech but many also criticized him and the danger of his speech is the backlash effect even it is important to address this issue.

Managing the Classroom through a Humanistic Approach

Kids inside the classroom can be very tough to manage. According to Jere Brophy, Professor of Educational Psychology, “good classroom management” is basically the willingness of the teacher to be responsible for classroom control. One of the best ways to manage a classroom is through a humanistic approach; with this, the teacher is the facilitator that encourages his/her pupils to control the learning environment.

Managing the Classroom through a Humanistic Approach

History of Humanistic Classroom Management

The humanistic classroom management is based on humanistic psychology which was introduced in 1950 through the work of Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. This humanistic approach primarily focuses on student individuality and self-determination. Behavior of the student is viewed from their perspective rather than the perspective of the observer/teacher.

Humanistic Classroom Management

With this humanistic approach, classroom management promotes student-centered learning environment which encourages free expression and helps improve potential. The foundation of behavior conditioning in this approach is primarily the choice, motivation, and self-awareness of the students. Teachers primarily do not rely on positive and negative reinforcements to aid in giving education; rather, they are encouraged to establish student-teacher relationships that focus on the uniqueness of each of their students. This way, they will be able to help increase their potential and develop self-determination or self-awareness. Teaching methods primarily include qualitative techniques, such as problem solving and goal setting.

Managing the Classroom through a Humanistic Approach

What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Humanistic Classroom Management?

The major advantage of a humanistic classroom management is that it is focuses on the long-term learning ability of the student. Teaching strategies primarily encourage understanding the thoughts and feelings of the student to facilitate behavioral change. It also encourages expression and promotes creativity inside the classroom. However, this approach is often criticized due to its lack of tangible theoretical concepts in the world of classroom psychology. Some claim that it relies too much on subjective research methods which may not be very reliable.

Humanistic Psychology

The foundation of humanistic psychology evolves around the belief that ethical and moral values as well as intentions become the driving forces of the people’s psychological construction and directly determine human behavior. This approach is called value-oriented, it views that humans have an inherent drive to maximize interactions and creative choices to gain a great sense of awareness, liberty and emotions that are life-affirming. This approach is developed by J. Bugental, Abraham Maslow, Gardner Murohy, Fritz Perls, Gordon Allport, Charlotte Buhler, Rollo May, Henry Murray and Carl Rogers.

Humanistic psychology is the integration of therapy’s multiple technics, it includes those coming from Carl Rogers, Rollo May and Maslow. The theories suggest that every human being has distinct priority of drives and needs, each person should rely on his inner healing center and wisdom. As a result, the approaches of these psychologists all boil down to the theory that each person possesses free will.

Psychologists who are practicing this method are using an approach that is non-pathological and target the adaptive, productive and the person’s beneficial behaviors and traits. Both the therapist and the client are striving to achieve a similar goal and stimulate communication to facilitate change. This is humanistic psychology’s heart.

Humanistic Psychology

In addition, the importance of value of dignity and human beings method, this psychology method realizes that several external influences are causing the mind severe negative implications, both unconsciously and consciously. However, humanistic psychology stressed that human beings have inherent value and the ability to focus on how to retain dignity and the conscious willingness to achieve competence and self-respect. This value orientation was the key in the creation of different therapy models, they utilize interpersonal skills to achieve the main goal of maximizing a person’s life experience.

Throughout history, many groups and individuals have affirmed that human beings have inherent dignity and value. Their theories helped mankind understand the true essence of the main purpose of life’s existence.

Humanistic Education Principles

Humanistic education is more of philosophy than in research. The motivation of this principle is from self-actualizing of life itself. There are many principles and approaches that are taught in school, but this kind of approach is different from the rest for its concentration is the development of the whole child with the main emphasis on affective aspect. Its learning approach is focused upon the child’s self-concept development. The positive feeling of a child is a good start of understanding of one’s weakness and strength as well as a belief in one’s ability to progress. This inner-driven reward makes the child more progressive and fruitful. The intrusive rewards make him or her happy because of the achievement, not for the money or outside rewards, but rather a satisfaction deep within. Humanistic education is rewarding yourself not about rewards of others and instilling within a child, a self-motivation idea.

Humanistic Education Principles

There are basic objectives view of humanistic education and these are:

  • Cultivate the ability to take duty and responsibility for what is educated.
  • Uphold positive independence and self-direction.
  • Inquisitiveness and curiosity.
  • Improve resourcefulness and creativity.
  • An awareness and interest in any arts.

These objectives are developed through some basic humanistic principles approach:

Humanistic Education Principles
  • Children and student best learn in a non-threatening atmosphere.
  • The only evaluation of a student’s work is self-evaluation and the emphasis in here is self-regulation and internal development.
  • Understanding and knowing the matter is better than obtaining a lot of information and knowledge where, in our current society, knowledge is changing fast.
  • Students will be able to learn at its best when the stuff is what they love and need to know. They will learn more easily on stuff where they realize that this subject matter is more important than the other things.
  • Feeling is significant as facts.

Educators must allow students to make a choice in the selection of activities each and every time possible and have them take part in group work where cooperative learning is educated in order to improve social and affective skills.